April 29th marks the remembrance of all chemical warfare victims set by the UN. It is the date on which the chemical weapon prohibition convention signed in 1993, and entered into force in 1997.
The violation documentation office in Syria Revolutionaries Gathering documented 221 chemical weapons attacks on several areas out of Assad forces control, 216 toxic gas attacks by Assad regime, and 5 attacks by ISIS on the rebels-controlled areas in the countryside of Aleppo.
1430 people were killed in these attacks, including 1335 civilians, 364 women, and 221 children, where 1421 were killed in the attacks implemented by Assad forces, and 9 were killed in attacks by ISIS.
Assad regime, since the beginning of the Syrian revolution, has violated all Human Rights international laws, as well as the security council’s conventions and resolutions, by genocidal crimes against the Syrian people, using various types of weapons including internationally panned weapons (toxic gas).
The latest use of toxic gas by Assad forces was in Duma on 17th of April 2018, that killed more than 47 civilians, as Assad forces then launched two deadly chlorine gas attacks on the city of Duma; the first one was on Saturday, at 04:30 pm, where the city was targeted with chlorine, resulted in 15 civilians, most of them were children suffered from suffocation, and were rushed to the hospital immediately.
Regarding the second one, a member of documentation office member in Syria Revolutionaries Gathering, stated that two helicopters of Assad forces flew over the city of Duma at 07:20 pm, and threw two barrels, one near the hospital of Duma but didn’t explode, and the other near the Qasarna Neighborhood in the city, resulted in the death of 47 civilians, most of them were women and children hiding form shelling in shelters, and about 600 others suffered from suffocation. This was followed by heavy shelling with various types of weapons, which obstructed the civil defense teams in their attempt to reach the targeted area.
This attack was part of a military campaign launched by Assad forces on Eastern-Ghouta, despite a prior agreement followed the negotiations between Assad forces and the rebels, with Russian mediation, included the exit of fighters to the north of Syria.
This toxic gas attack was preceded by several attacks despite the international warnings, and the security council resolution No.2118 regarding the elimination of Syrian chemical weapons, that was issued after the chemical massacre in Eastern and Western Ghouta in 2013.
Assad forces first toxic gas attack occurred on 23rd of December in 2012, on the Bayada and Deir Baalbah in the city of Homs, where 10 people were killed, 9 of them were civilians.
While the biggest toxic gas attack, in terms of number of deaths, took place on 21st of August, 2013, targeted Zamalka, Ein Tarma, the area between Zamalka and Hazeh, and Al-Moadamyeh, and resulted in a large massacre that killed 1043 people in Eastern and Western Ghouta, 969 of them were civilians; 297 women and 127 children.
The second biggest toxic gas attack occurred on 4th of April 2017, on Khan Shaykhun in Idlib province, killed around 92 people including 33 children and 21 women.
The number of attacks in each province:
73 attacks on Damascus suburb, 59 on Idlib, 28 on Hama, 24 on Damascus, 20 on Aleppo, 9 on Homs, 3 on Daraa, and 3 on Deir Ez-zur.
The number of attacks according to the year and area:
2012: two attacks by Assad forces on Homs.
2013: 27 attacks by Assad forces (15 on Damascus suburb, 6 on Damascus, 3 on Aleppo, 2 on Homs, and 1 on Idlib).
2014: 65 attacks, 64 by Assad forces and one by ISIS (23 on Hama, 20 on Damascus suburb, 10 on Idlib, 8 on Damascus, 2 on Daraa, and 2 on Aleppo).
2015: 77 attacks, 76 by Assad forces, and one by ISIS (41 on Idlib, 9 on Damascus suburb, 8 on Damascus, 7 on Aleppo, 5 on Homs, 3 on Deir Ez-zur, 3 on Hama, and 1 on Daraa)
2016: 15 attacks, 14 by Assad forces and one by ISIS (8 on Aleppo, 3 on Damascus suburb, 2 on Idlib, 1 on Hama, 1 on Damascus).
2017: 23 attacks by Assad forces (17 on Damascus suburb, 3 on Idlib, 2 on Damascus, and 1 on Hama).
2018: 11 attacks by Assad forces: (9 on Damascus suburb and 2 on Idlib).
These chemical attacks resulted in 17 massacres during the last eight years:
Two in 2012, 6 in 2013, 2 in 2014, 4 in 2015, 2 in 2016, 1 in 2017, 1 in 2018.